News

Both Mark Mazower (Life & Arts, March 26) and Denis MacShane refer to Kaliningrad as a Russian enclave (Letters, April 4). They are incorrect two ways.

First, Kaliningrad is a city. Kaliningrad Oblast describes the territory in question. Second, Kaliningrad Oblast is not an enclave but rather a semi-exclave. Enclaves are wholly surrounded by a single territory (as Vatican City State is by Italy). Exclaves are wholly separated from the main part of the state to which they belong and may be bordered by any number of territories (in this case, Poland and Lithuania).

We must use semi-exclave here, however, because part of Kaliningrad Oblast is surrounded not by foreign territory but by a coastline contiguous with international waters.

Anthony Pino
Cambridge, MA, US

Articles You May Like

States are on a budget cutting trend, Pew Trusts report
With high prices and mortgage rates, aspiring and current homeowners feel ‘stuck’
Biden vows to ‘complete the job’ despite stumbles in press conference
Vance to take stage on night highlighting America First foreign policy
San Francisco downtown is a ‘ghost town’ that needs revival, mayoral candidate says